Main law references
Law No. 91/99 “Provisions on the removal and transplantation of organs and tissues” provides that every citizen is notified of the request to express their will on organ donation after death according to the principle of informed silence-consent.
Expression of consent or dissent to the donation and organs that can be donated
The donation of organs, tissues and cells is a voluntary act, conscious, informed, ethical, supportive, anonymous, free. It is in full guarantee of respect for the privacy of both the donor and the recipient.
In Italy, to become organ donors, consent or explicit dissent is required.
5 ways to declare in life the will to donate organs, tissues and cells:
-Blue Card / Donor Card
-Holograph Act (AIDO)
-Declaration with date and signatureLiving donations
Organs: kidney (Legge 26 giugno 1967 n. 458), liver (Legge 16 dicembre 1999 n. 483), lung, pancreas and intestine (Legge 19 settembre 2012 n. 167)
Tissues and cells: blood, bone marrow
“Surgical waste”: bone (femur heads), veins (safene), amniotic membrane (placenta)
Donation after death
Organs: heart, lungs, kidney, liver, pancreas and intestine